History of the Internet

The Internet developed as a result of the illusory thinking of people in the 1950s who could foresee immense potential value in enabling computers to share information regarding research and development in various important fields.

The history of the Internet began with the introduction of electronic computers in the 1950s. Initially beginning with point-to-point communication between mainframe computers and terminals, it extended to point-to-point connections between computers and then insights into packet switching networks in the 1960s and 1970s, such as ARPANET, Merit Network and Telenet. The government, industry and academia have been partners in evolving this new technology.

The peak of the Cold War in 1969 was an essential element in the formation of the internet. The Soviet Union's launch of the Sputnik satellite encouraged the U.S. Defense Department to consider methods of disseminating information.

This led to the formation of the ARPANET (Advanced Research Projects Agency Network) where multiple separate networks could be joined together into a network of networks. However, its membership was limited to specific research organizations. As a result, other networks were created to provide information sharing.

In 1982, the set of communications used for the internet called the Internet Protocol Suite (TCP/IP) was standardized and the concept of a universal network the Internet was introduced.

Since the Internet was initially funded by the government, it was limited to research affiliated with government uses. This policy continued until the early 1990s, when independent commercial networks started growing. Delphi was the first national commercial online service to offer Internet access to its subscribers in July 1992.

The Internet continues to expand, driven by accelerated amounts of online information and knowledge, commerce, entertainment and social networking. YouTube’s launch in 2005 brought free online video hosting and sharing to people. Google went live in 1998, revolutionizing the way in which people seek information online.

The first major Internet worm was released in 1988, called the "The Morris Worm" which created major interruptions across large parts of the Internet.

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